Sergey Lebedenko

Leader goals

The leadership is a process of social influence through which the leader receives support from other members of the community to achieve the goal. The goal is the ideal or real object of the subject's conscious or unconscious aspiration; the result that the process is intentionally directed at; the conscious image of the anticipated result.
Thus, the leader can be the one and until the moment when the goals of his and the environment (the electorate) coincide. His power is in recognition. As soon as the goals of the leader and the environment (the electorate) cease to coincide, the leader loses the power of recognition, as much as his recognition falls.

The goals can be scientifically based, final and intermediate. Sometimes goals are confused with slogans, but they are not the same thing.

In practice, usually intermediate goals are allocated for long processes, or the processes very strongly influencing qualitative characteristics of their objects. How not to lose the recognition of the electorate, in long – term social processes, to remain a leader, to unite the people and win the trust?

The answer is obvious – the coincidence of final and intermediate goals of the leader and the people, the choice of processes understandable and supported by the environment (the electorate).

The overlapping ultimate goal of the leader and the electorate may be to build a new political system that is optimal according to Pareto. Pareto efficiency is one of the central concepts for modern science.

Pareto efficiency implies that the total welfare of society reaches its maximum, and that the distribution of benefits and resources becomes optimal if any change in this distribution worsens the welfare of at least one subject of the economic system.

It means that the right to all changes that do not cause any additional harm to anybody is recognized. (Not to be confused with the legal return of stolen goods as a return to the Pareto efficiency)

As such, this goal is naturally ideal, and in practical application, its declaring can serve as a criterion for the correctness of the choice of intermediate goals and the correctness of the processes of change in society. Where intermediate goals, in turn, can be chosen according to the SMART criteria system. (Specificity, measurability, attainability, actuality, timeframe limitations). Why choose two systems of criteria: one in the other?

The current situation falls under the notion of variation uncertainty (of the fourth kind, including uncertainty of the environment, decision making and their consequences) and is related to the change of parameters and conditions of functioning of the organizational and economic system or otherwise the «rules of the game» – the uncertainty of formation of new quasi – conditions – the change of institutional peremptory norm, where the known uncertainty of the environment, decision-making and their consequences takes quite different features, and one of the main – the lack of the determinacy.

In other words, there can be no reasonable predetermined algorithm of actions and reliably predicted consequences, their declaring is pure populism, and it is proved mathematically. Reduction of entropy (chaos) of the process is possible due to introduction (designation) of boundary conditions, in this case, criteria of the first and second kind (uncertainty of the environment and decision – making).

The items of election programs set forth in the slogans of intentions (Slogan is an appeal in a laconic form, expressing a guiding idea, a requirement; Intention - the orientation of consciousness, thinking to any subject) can become the intermediate purposes of the leader on condition of their completion on compliances, at least to the system of criteria SMART, for the purpose of reduction of entropy of all process of future changes. Pareto efficiency can be a common goal, a characteristic of negentropy. The relation of entropy to negentropy will describe the system's ability to be steady and stable. This state indicates that the system is controllable. The higher the controllability, the more flexible the system is to the external and internal environment. The most flexible system acts in the self-regulation mode. Self – regulating is a feedback system capable of reacting to external and internal changes in such a way as to maintain a dynamic equilibrium state.

Thus, the creation of a feedback political system based on the Pareto efficiency criterion can be a common final goal of the leader and the people who consolidate society.

Then the key intermediate goals of the people's leader will be specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, time – bound proposals, which in turn are part of the overall plan to build a self – regulating political system, where the main criterion chosen is the factor of Pareto efficiency. The tool for the implementation of the plan of building a self – regulating (by the factor of pareto efficiency) political system (called people's power; people's democracy or direct democracy) can be the direct election of key civil servants for a limited period of time by all branches of power and at all levels of government, depending on the number of elected officials. Such a tool for building a self – regulating political system is justified by mathematical by consideration of the Arrow's theorem for the choice of a separate manager as a «dictator of function» and consideration of its inevitable activities within the framework of the state pareto efficiency in the conditions of limited terms and the election of a sufficient number of managers in all branches of power and levels of management on the basis of Nash equilibrium (in other words, creating conditions under which the state power is deprived of the possibility of corruption collusion).

The use of a tool for building a self – regulating political system will create social lifts in the society, contributing to the formation of new political elite. The people will select the new elite rather than by the mafia clans, which in itself will exclude many «hereditary diseases» of the old elite (corruption, protectionism, kleptomania, and pseudo – patriotism). The speed of selection of elite will depend on the chosen term limits and the agreed number of elected civil servants.

In the conditions of variation uncertainty, the further failure of the leader to declare the criteria of final goals and the criteria of choosing the intermediate goals carries the threat of delayed cumulative chaos. Every citizen will perceive, evaluate, interpret and act accordingly from his own point of view due to the lack of common criteria. This already demonstrates the information space today. Irrational and aggressive actions of the internal and external environment, the dissociation of society will aggravate the situation.

If objectively to consider a situation: final both the intermediate goals and their criteria are not voiced by the leader, respectively are not realized by the people.

In such conditions the people in the near future can receive under the guise of new reforms become obsolete elite and the systems of a polyarchy, the other system of imitating «democracy» and the «elite» corresponding to a system, despite of existence of the good intentions stated at the moment in slogans.

«The road to hell is paved with good intentions» an expression familiar to everyone. This phrase is used for designation of cases when attempts of implementation of the most humane and good tasks lead (on short – sightedness, oversight, inability, etc.) to return and even destructive consequences.



Date: 16 May 2019